Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Westchester County, north of New York City, is home to several private schools. This list concentrates on non-parochial college-prep private schools. Hackley School Founded in 1899Located in Tarrytown840 Students, Grades K-12 Hackley School was founded in 1899 by Mrs. Caleb Brewster Hackley, a Unitarian leader who dedicated the mansion where she summered to start the school. The school was originally a boarding school for boys from a broad variety of economic, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. In 1970, the school became co-ed and, from 1970 to 1972, added a K-4 program. The boarding program is now a five-day program. The school, which now enrolls 840 students K-12, has a rigorous academic program and 62 sports teams, building on the schools tradition of having an early football team. The school has always valued community and the power of friendship. The schools mission reads as follows, Hackley challenges students to grow in character, scholarship, and accomplishment, to offer unreserved effort, and to learn from the varying perspectives and backgrounds in our community and the world. Students tend to score well on Advanced Placement (AP) exams, and the middle 50% of a recent graduating class ranged from 1280-1460 on the Math and Critical Reading sections of the SAT (out of a possible 1600). According to the headmaster, Diversity is fundamental to our understanding of what good education is and one of the hallmarks of our communitys culture. Masters School Founded in 1877Located in Dobb Ferry588 Students, Grades 5-12 Located in Dobbs Ferry, 30 miles from New York City, Masters School was founded in 1877 by Eliza Bailey Masters, who wanted her students, who were girls, to have a serious classical education and not just the education provided by a typical finishing school. As a result, the girls at the school studied Latin and math, and by the turn of the century, the curriculum became college-preparatory in nature. The school attracted boarding students from across the country. In 1996, the school became co-ed in the Upper School, and an all-boys middle school was created to exist alongside the all-girls middle school. The Upper School also started to use oval-shaped Harkness tables and their attendant discussion-based teaching style, which originated at Phillips Exeter Academy. The school also began the CITY term , a semester program that uses New York City as a learning laboratory. The school now enrolls 588 students from grades 5-12 (boarding and day) and recently built a new science and technology center. Twenty-five percent of students receive financial aid. The schools mission reads, The Masters School provides a challenging academic environment that encourages critical, creative, and independent habits of thought and a lifelong passion for learning. The Masters School promotes and celebrates academic achievement, artistic development, ethical action, athletic endeavor, and personal growth. The School maintains a diverse community that encourages students to participate actively in decisions affecting their lives and to develop an appreciation of their responsibilities to the larger world. Rye Country Day School Founded in 1869Located in Rye850 Students, Grades PK-12 RCDS was founded in 1869 when local parents invited a schoolmaster named Reverend William Life and his wife, Susan, to Rye to educate their daughters. Opened as the Rye Female Seminary, the school began to concentrate on preparing girls for college. In 1921, the school merged with the all-boys Rye Country School to form the Rye Country Day School. Today, 850 students in grades Pre-K through 12 attend the school. Fourteen percent of its students receive financial aid. The schools mission reads as follows, Rye Country Day School is a coeducational, college preparatory school dedicated to providing students from Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12 with an excellent education using both traditional and innovative approaches. In a nurturing and supportive environment, we offer a challenging program that stimulates individuals to achieve their maximum potential through academic, athletic, creative and social endeavors. We are actively committed to diversity. We expect and promote moral responsibility, and strive to develop strength of character within a respectful school community. Our goal is to foster a lifelong passion for learning, understanding, and service in an ever-changing world. Rippowam Cisqua: A PreK-9 School Founded in 1916Located in Mount Kisco (the Lower School campus)Located in Bedford (the Middle School campus)521 Students, Grades PK-9 Rippowam was founded in 1916 as the Rippowam School for Girls. In the early 1920s, the school became co-ed, and it later merged with the more progressive Cisqua School in 1972. The school now has an average class size of 18 students, and a faculty-to-student ratio of 1:5. Many of the schools graduates go on to attend top boarding schools and local day schools. The schools mission reads as follows: The mission of Rippowam Cisqua School is to educate students to become independent thinkers, confident in their abilities and themselves. We are committed to a dynamic program of academics, the arts, and athletics, and support an engaged faculty to challenge students to discover and explore their talents to the fullest. Honesty, consideration, and respect for others are fundamental to Rippowam Cisqua. In an atmosphere that promotes intellectual curiosity and a lifelong love of learning, Rippowam Cisqua strives to instill in students a strong sense of connection to their community and to the larger world. We, as a school, recognize the common humanity of all people and teach understanding and respect for the differences among us.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Many people confuse clinical psychology with psychiatrist thinking that it is the same thing When, in reality it is not. Clinical Psychology is the study of the emotional, biological, psychological, social influences, and intellectual abilities (Ã¢â¬Å"Society of Clinical Psychology.Ã¢â¬ ). They are trained to diagnose, treat, and study people who are mentally ill. A clinical psychologist usually does four to five years of graduate work, and one year internship under the supervision of a practicing psychologist (Wade, and Tavris pg.10). Research is a major part of their work and they teach as well as supervise, work alone or in a group while conducting such research (Ã¢â¬Å"Society of Clinical Psychology.Ã¢â¬ ). When they have an assessment they look atÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The University of Los Angeles offers a twelve month program that includes being involve in research, mixture of course work, teaching, and training. While doing all this students well be supervised by clinical psychologist, and well have to complete a two year of part-time practicum placements in the Psychology Clinic and in other local agencies. But in order for them to get their credential as a clinical psychologist they need to first pass the clinical qualifying examinations and the dissertation preliminary orals, and then do their one year internship after they pass, and are done with this the students will have their PHD degree (Clinical Psychology. 2). UCLAS Clinical Psychology program is six years long and, is also accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA) this is good because in order to get your PHD degree which ever program you are going to take needs to be accredited by the APA.(Clinical Psychology. 2). If a person wants to be a clinical psychologist in California then they must have a doctorate degree, although some go for their PHD degree (Clinical Psychology, Counseling Psychology, and Professional Licensure.). When going for the doctorate degre e it will take up to four to seven years of graduate school and then one to two years of their internship being evaluated by clinical psychologist (Clinical Psychology.). If you decide toShow MoreRelatedPsychology : The Human Behavior And Mental Processes Through Laboratory Experiments, And Psychotherapy990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprofessions, which form issues of how work together and live with one another. In these situations, psychology serves its purpose by creating answers to these questions. The field of psychology helps create an understanding of these problems, which increases the possibility of treatment. These careers in psychology fall into three main categories of practice: psychologist, clinical psychologist and psychiatrists. Each of these categories differs in the scope of practice and number of years spent on educationRead MoreClinical Psychology Should Not Be Taken Lightly1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesClinical psychology is one of the most beneficial branches in psychol ogy. It is a specialty that provides behavioural and mental healthcare for individuals and families worldwide (Hunsley and Lee, 2014). Across all cultures, ages, and socioeconomic backgrounds, clinical psychology provides proper assessment and treatment plans for mental illnesses (Dozois, 2012). However, there are many individuals that underestimate the reliability and value that clinical psychology offers to our society. ClinicalRead MoreExamination of Clinical Psychology1665 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesClinical psychology is a broad science that involves psychologists ensuring the mental well-being of a patient. Its focus is diagnosing, treating, and if possible, averting psychological disorders. The field of clinical psychology applies to every demographic from young children to the elderly, families or individuals, and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s socioeconomic status is not a factor in whether he or she should receive treatment. Clinical psychology deals with a broad range of specialties, including individuals whoRead MoreEssay about Examination of Clinical Psychology1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning head: EXAMINATION OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY Examination of Clinical Psychology University of Phoenix PST/480 Karen Wilson Nov 14, 2011 Examination of Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology is a very important as well as popular part of the field of psychology that is used very often. To begin, a definition of clinical psychology will be included. According to APA (2009) Ã¢â¬Å"Clinical psychology attempts to use the principles of psychology to better understand, predictRead MoreThe Psychology Of Clinical Psychology929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesClinical psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on and diagnoses mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders. A clinical psychologist may specialise in certain disorders, including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and bipolar disorders. He or she may also provide counseling services to people who are struggling with divorces, relationship and emotional problems. Clinical psychological services include procedures to understand, predict, and relieve any forms ofRead More Clinical Psychology Essay1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesClinical Psychology Psychology is an extraordinarily diverse field with hundreds of career paths. Some specialties, like treating the mentally ill, are familiar to most. Others, like helping with the design of advanced computer systems or studying memory, are less well-known. What psychologists have in common is a shared interest in mind and behavior. In their work they draw on an ever-expanding body of scientific knowledge about how humans think, act, and feel, and apply the information to theirRead MoreThe Right Of Prescribe Medication For Psychologist Have Been A Major Goal Of The American Psychological Association984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesethical issues. There are educational level and requirements that should be associated to professional with rights to prescribe medication. If clinical psychologist were given the rights to prescribe medication, the pre-requirement for the graduate program for clinical psychologist would need to change dramatically. The current undergraduate psychology degree do not include many chemistry, and biology course that pre-medical school students would have to take. Course such as neurobiology, biochemistryRead MorePsychology : Theory Of Psychology1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction to Psychology Module 1. Explain how a person committed to each of the following contemporary perspectives would explain human aggression. a. Psychodynamic: A person committed to psychodynamics would see that human functions are based on the interaction of drives and forces within the unconscious mind of a person. This influences different structures of the personality of the person as well. In addition, a person that is committed to psychodynamics would believe that the fundamentalRead MoreThe Different Career Options for Psychologists Essay1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPsychology is the scientific study of actions and behaviors. Psychologists often form hypotheses and test these through studies and research. They carefully follow the scientific method to gather data. The research methods used by psychologists vary by branches of study. These methods include controlled laboratory experiments, and personality, intelligence, aptitude, or performance tests. Other methods of research are interviews, observations, questionnaires, surveys, and clinical studies.Read MoreDifferences Between Counselor, Msw, Pschologist, Psyc hiatrist, Therapist, Meditation Teacher1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHuman Services HSC 511 October 23, 2011 Table of Contents Differences between Human Service Providers: 3 LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor or LMHC, Licensed Mental Health Counselor: 3 MSW or Master of Social Work: 4 Psychiatrists: 5 Clinical Psychologist: 5 Alcohol and Substance Abuse Counselors: 5 Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT): 6 Mental Health Nurses: 6 Life Coaching: 7 Conclusion: 7 References 10 Differences between Human Service Providers:
Question: Write about theDiscussing My Health Recordfor Electronic Medium. Answer: My health Record (MHR) problems: MHR has multiple capabilities and even offers multiple benefits, however, there are problems that are preventing healthcare units from adopting the services of the talked about services. One of the most significant challenges offered by the subject is the high cost involved in the process. The discussed technology cannot be fitted in the existing infrastructure of the healthcare units without the assistance of new equipment (Wu et al., 2013). The implementation requires new equipment along with the skills to operate the technology and cloud services to store and share the data which can cost a lot. Additionally, conversion of the patients data from paper format to the e-data is a time consuming and lengthy process that proves to be hectic for the healthcare units. The papers documents can be organised easily as per the level of importance. However, the same cannot be said about the e-data because not everyone is friendly with the computing processes and they may find the process conf using (Nazi, 2014). The conversion of the data to the electronic medium is not enough as it is a repetitive process because the data of the patient needs to be regularly updated that is hectic for the experts and their associates. However, the most significant challenge with the system is the perception of the people. The people feel that storing their data over the network may risk their privacy and hence are afraid of storing their data and in-process denies to associate with the MHR. MHR Capabilities: The subject of the topic is of great assistance in multiple areas of the healthcare industry. It is capable of storing and sharing of the patients clinical data electronically that can be used in the dire situations. However, storing data raises the concern of cyber-attacks for which the considered system is prepared. The data stored or shared by the MHR are kept encrypted to prevent any trespassing and can only be accessed with proper authentication (Druss et al., 2014). In-process of storing the data electronically, it even prevents any degradation of the documents that is possible with storing the paper data. The data being stored electronically offers additional capability of covering vast domain to the patient for medical assistance. The patient in dire situations can share their data with the medical experts that can be of great assistance from any part of the country with only a network connection and proper authentication. The talked about situation of sharing data electronic ally from any location even makes the subject capable of a program called e-medication. E-medication is the process where the medical experts can recommend the medicines and their doses to the patients electronically by evaluating their previous medical records. The considered subject even offers its assistance to the healthcare units by programmes such as eHRP (e-health reference program) where the healthcare practitioners can measure and enhance their skills ("eHealth Reference Platform - Australian Digital Health Agency", 2018). The discussed system is even capable of assisting in healthcare operations such as managing the supply chain and inventory. MHR Benefits: The discussion made above shows the challenges offered by the subject and the capabilities it possesses. However, the subject even offers multiple benefits one of such benefits is effective caring for the patients. Effective caring of the patients is enabled due to reduction of time consumed in evaluating the documents and running from one department to other which are now available on the system thanks to the subject (Woods et al., 2013). Additionally, the departments can communicate electronically from their respective places and utilise that time in caring and cure the patient. The implementation of the subject may be costly, however, after the implementation, it saves sufficient money. From stationary to transportation along with mailing costs and others multiple areas get cost efficiency on associating with the system. The data is stored in cloud which even saves physical space for the organisation, and the data are continuously updated which reduces the hassle in maintain the r ecords in shelves. As stated in the earlier statement the data are stored electronically which makes it long lasting and maintenance free. Through the electronic medium, the patients and healthcare units can access the data at any instance and any place which will significantly benefit in dire situations (Turvey et al., 2012). Additionally, the experts can offer medication recommendation electronically, in case they cannot reach the patient physically which can prove to be life-saving. Hence, in conclusion, it can be stated that the discussed technology is a must-have technology for the people as it can prove to be lifesaving at times. References: Druss, B. G., Ji, X., Glick, G., von Esenwein, S. A. (2014). Randomized trial of an electronic personal health record for patients with serious mental illnesses.American Journal of Psychiatry,171(3), 360-368. eHealth Reference Platform - Australian Digital Health Agency. (2018).Digitalhealth.gov.au. Retrieved 11 March 2018, from https://www.digitalhealth.gov.au/get-started-with-digital-health/what-is-digital-health/features-of-the-my-health-record-system/ehealth-reference-platform Nazi, K. M. (2013). The personal health record paradox: health care professionals perspectives and the information ecology of personal health record systems in organizational and clinical settings.Journal of medical Internet research,15(4). Turvey, C. L., Zulman, D. M., Nazi, K. M., Wakefield, B. J., Woods, S. S., Hogan, T. P., ... McInnes, K. (2012). Transfer of information from personal health records: A survey of veterans using My Health e Vet.Telemedicine and e-Health,18(2), 109-114. Woods, S. S., Schwartz, E., Tuepker, A., Press, N. A., Nazi, K. M., Turvey, C. L., Nichol, W. P. (2013). Patient experiences with full electronic access to health records and clinical notes through the My HealtheVet Personal Health Record Pilot: qualitative study.Journal of medical Internet research,15(3). Wu, A. W., Kharrazi, H., Boulware, L. E., Snyder, C. F. (2013). Measure once, cut twiceadding patient-reported outcome measures to the electronic health record for comparative effectiveness research.Journal of clinical epidemiology,66(8), S12-S20.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
These days Alternative Rock groups put out one or two good albums and then just drop out of sight. Therefore, the need for a major group to keep a string of hit albums going is a must. This leads me to tell you about the new release from Live entitled Secret Samadhi. Now this is a group who has not disappointed their fans yet. Theyve brought you the hit songs (just to name a few) Pain Lies On The Riverside, Operation Spirit, Selling The Drama, I Alone, and Lightning Crashes. Now theyre back and they have brought a new set of hit songs for all their fans to enjoy, and they are Rattle Snake, Lakinis Juice, and Freaks. This is one group that doesnt know the meaning of the words bad album. On Lives latest release Secret Samadhi, the group explores new boundaries of music, such as playing a little heavier, using more involved song writing, and having more pop-oriented hooks that embed themselves in your brain. We will write a custom essay sample on Live Secret Samadhi or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page These new changes in their sound are mostly for the better. Live has retained something a lot of other groups have lost, INTENSITY! Live will keep you on the edge of your seat throughout the album. Live joins the company of leading alternative rock groups in the 90s including Alanis Morissette, No Doubt, Bush, and The Wallflowers. Lives new album, Secret Samadhi, will show you that alternative rock is not dead, and so will these other groups. My overall rating of their new album is an 8 on a 1 to 10 scale. This new album isnt a masterpiece, but I strongly recommend that you buy it because it will keep you happy until one does come along by this group.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
The American Fur Company Essays The American Fur Company Essay The American Fur Company Essay How would you evaluate Astor in terms of his motive, his managerial ability, and his ethics? What lesson does his career teach about the relationship between virtue and success? Astor seems as though he wanted to make a better life for himself because he grew up very poor, but didnt want to be in the same business as his father so he ventured out to make a better living for himself. Therefore, I believe Stators motive is greed. He was doing what any businessman would and that is to make money. He didnt care about the consequences or what it would do to other people in his path. He seems as though he has the need for power and control. His managerial ability is based on many different avenues including him being hard working and is a good negotiator. He was also very well at dealing with his competition by beating them to the next customer and coming up with ideas that his competition wouldnt have thought of; such as: higher prices, supplying the Indians with whisky, purchasing large quantities of trade goods at a lower cost and use of political influence. His behavior is both ethical and unethical. Some things that Astor did in his time, such as slaughtering a certain animal r species was acceptable and simply looked passed; however, today if Astor did that, there would be lawsuits and a lot of legal activity associated with him and his business. The trading of whisky to Indians for goods was frowned upon and was technically illegal and still is today. I feel as though in Stators case, virtue and success do not go hand in hand. It seems like Astor had no virtues of his own but yet he was able to become very successful in his company and make a lot of money, more than he could have dreamed of, especially when he was a young boy. 2. How did the environment of the American Fur Company change in the sasss? What deep historical forces are implicated in these changes? The environment of the company changed when everyone believed that a disease called Cholera was spread. People were afraid that the disease was actually spread through the transported furs that Astor was bringing in which lead to a fur trade standstill. Other things that caused a negative impact on the fur trade was that alcohol was prohibited in all Indian reservations, new products drove the fur industry downhill, such as new leather hats. Historical forces that implicated in these changes could be libations, inequality, chance and nation state. 3. What were the impacts of the fur trade on society that is, economic, cultural, technological, natural, governmental, legal, and internal? Economically-?the furs were light enough to transport using different forms of transportation such as mules, barges and ships to eastern ports then to Europe. This increased the profits due to not spending as much on transportation. Governmentally-?the government had no proof of Astor ever trading or bargaining with alcohol and buying the furs in large quantities offered him an opportunity to lower the price of it. In nature-?basically mountain life had been wiped out by man due to the constant need to find more fur to keep companies, such as American Fur, afloat. Legally-?the government failed to regulate the trade of fur and fur trade was beloved by Washing and Jefferson. Technologically-?introduction of the first sailboat and then the steamboat on the Missouri River. Internally-?the internal environment of the American Fur Company was dominated by Astor whereas other fur companies were operated by proprietors or partnerships. 4. Who were the most important stakeholders of the nineteenth century fur industry? Were they treated responsibly by the standards of the day? By the standards of today? Astor, as the owner of American Fur Company compensated himself excessively, which led him to becoming the second richest man in America. The suppliers of the fur and employees of the American Fur Company were not treated fairly. Indian trappers were cheated, robbed and killed. Free trappers worked very hard in dangerous conditions and got paid very little for the efforts and work. Governments were manipulated and ignored. Customers Were the only fairly treated because they received the product hey purchased. Stators abuse of weaker stakeholders was typical of his era, however if he were to trade today, he would be hit with a hefty fine, thrown in jail and even lose his company and all his earnings. Not all of the stakeholders were treated fairly or responsibly, but Astor did what he did to make his business grow and make money and a name for himself. . On balance, is the legacy of the American Fur Company and of the fur trade itself a positive legacy? Or is the impact predominantly negative? Think it could be either positive or negative. The reason for negative is because he began raiding for fur and started his business out of greed which led to competition, which could be a good thing or bad thing for a business depending on what type of business your in , then it tainted nature which could have reduced the elimination of an already decreasing population of a specific animal or specie. Other negatives are: economic benefits were narrowly enjoyed, destruction of Native American cultures, many trappers died, and no respect for the government of laws. The positives could be listed as: created wealth, not only for Astor but his employees as well, created jobs, supplied a product in high emend, trappers and traders became leading citizens in new settlements. 6. Does the story of the American Fur Company hint at how and why capitalism has changed and has been changed over the years?
Saturday, February 29, 2020
The review of the literature by Assadi et al. (2016) highlights how biophysical technology has been efficiently utilized in addressing research questions and finding effective results in clinical investigation. This research study mainly utilized the method of flow cytometry and transfection technique apart from real time PCR and immunoflourescence microscopy to detect fatty acid metabolism-immune nexus (FAMIN) in ChrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease risk gene LACC1 (Laccase domain containing 1) encoded protein in human tissues. This method of fatty acid metabolism was decided because genetic variation in the LACC1 gene increased the risk of ChrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. The main of this research was to elucidate the biological function of LACC1 gene and determine the characterization of the gene expression in human tissue and cells. The research question for the study was how characteristics expression of LACC1 gene can increase risk of CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (Assadi et al. 2016). The FAMIN protein encoded by the LACC1 gene control all the defense mechanism of human body and the research was important to gain additional insights into how FAMIN characterization and LACC1 gene expression may create risk of CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. The transfection technique was used by maintaining human cell line THP-1 in suitable medium and the cells were incubated wit phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to induce macrophage differentiation. For transfection experiment the HeLa cell line was transfected with empty vectors and LACC1 vector constructs. Western blotting was done on this cell and expression level was calculated. As transfection technique lead to unexpected morphologies and abnormalities in target cells, it helped in studying the expression of gene. Ã On the other hand, immunofluoroscence staining was used to calculate the number of peroxisomes and several antibodies were used both for immunofluorescence staining and western blot (Assadi et al. 2016).Hence, trans fection technique was applied in this research to study macrophage differentiation and gene expression of LACC1 gene. A research which considers the efficiency and cytotoxic effect of tranfection methodology lead to better results, whereas highly cytotoxic approaches lead to unwanted effects and unknown changes in gene expression which may affect the results (Goehring et al. 2014).Ã Flow cytometry is the biophysical technology done by means of laser and used to analyze the characteristics of particle in a fluid stream by passing through electronic detection device. .Ã Flow cytometry technique is widely used in the cell tracking, cell viability and infection studies and to conduct functional analysis in cell signaling gene expression studies (Givan 2013). In the research study by Assadi et al. (2016), flow cytometry of human blood derived cell and granulocytes and erythrocytes were isolated from the cell and stained using monoclonal antibodies. The FAMIN cells labeled with antibodies and data analyzed with flow cytometer and flow analysis software. This technique helped in the characterization of FAMIN expression in THP-1 cells. The result indicated the FAMIN expression was not detected in untreated cells, however PMA induced differentiation was seen during THP-1 (positive) cell lines. Hence the result of the study finally showed that LACC1 gene codes for macr ophage immune-metabolic function and polymorphic variation influences risk of CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (Assadi et al. 2016). Considering the clinical use of flow cytometry in research studies, the main advantage of flow cytometry is its ability to characterize immunophenotyping deviation in cells and detect diagnosis of hematopoietic disorders like leukemia. It has led to new methods for assessing hematologic malignancy and MRD. It is cost-effective and quick method for disease detection and diagnosis. However the limitation of the method is that it cannot easily detect sarcoma and carcinomas as they tend to stick (Woo et al. 2014). The main principle of fluorescence and fluorescence microscopic techniques was used to analyze therapeutic effectiveness in CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. In patients with CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, the antibody to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) binds to the membrane bound TNF and suppresses immune response in person. Hence, the researcher used fluorescent antibodies for TNF imaging studies. Despite using TNF therapy, patient show little improvement in their clinical symptoms and it also in creases the risk of side-effects like allergic reaction and skin disorders. The main limitation in treatment was that clinician cannot predict the response to anti-TNF therapy in patients. With this problem in treatment of patients with CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, the research question for the study was to see how fluorescence antibodies to TNF can help in studying response to anti-TNF therapy (Atreya et al. 2014). Ã Therefore, the use of different techniques like transfection, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry helped in studying variation in expression of CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease risk gene and increased understanding of CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disease risk gene. Higher LACC1 expression was seen in spleen and lymph nodes in this research study. Hence application of this technique helped in gaining better understanding of LACC1 function in regulating immune-mediated function and diseases. These tools can be exploited in the future for several diagnostic studies. Assadi, G., Vesterlund, L., Bonfiglio, F., Mazzurana, L., Cordeddu, L., Schepis, D., MjÃ ¶sberg, J., Ruhrmann, S., Fabbri, A., Vukojevic, V. and Percipalle, P., 2016. Functional Analyses of the CrohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Risk Gene LACC1.Ã PloS one,Ã 11(12), p.e0168276. Atreya, R., Neumann, H., Neufert, C., Waldner, M.J., Billmeier, U., Zopf, Y., Willma, M., App, C., MÃ ¼nster, T., Kessler, H. and Maas, S., 2014. In vivo imaging using fluorescent antibodies to tumor necrosis factor predicts therapeutic response in Crohn's disease.Ã Nature medicine,Ã 20(3), pp.313-318. Givan, A.L., 2013.Ã Flow cytometry: first principles. John Wiley & Sons. Goehring, A., Lee, C.H., Wang, K.H., Michel, J.C., Claxton, D.P., Baconguis, I., Althoff, T., Fischer, S., Garcia, K.C. and Gouaux, E., 2014. Screening and large-scale expression of membrane proteins in mammalian cells for structural studies.Ã Nature protocols,Ã 9(11), pp.2574-2585. Woo, J., Baumann, A. and Arguello, V., 2014. Recent advancements of flow cytometry: new applications in hematology and oncology.Ã Expert review of molecular diagnostics,Ã 14(1), pp.67-81.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Retirement options for nurses - Research Paper Example The nurses enjoy their career, and they love their respectable profession, but most of them look forward to hanging up their scrubs - they opt to retire earlier than usual due to the nature of their job. In most cases, they retire without any retirement plan, and as per the report of the Center for American Nurses, not more than 40 percent of the registered nurses have any retirement plan like 401 (k) offered by the employer or any other long term saving or investment plans (Blakeley & Ribeiro, 2008). It suggests that most of them retire without any financial security. The objective of this paper is to discuss the retirement options for nurses. Retirement Options Generally, nurses donÃ¢â¬â¢t look forward to the retirement options as much as their male counterparts from other professions, and the prime reason for this tendency is that nurses are females who hardly take any initiatives for investments. The second reason is that they have scientific background and have no interest for financial management since they are overworked and get so tired that they procrastinate any decision of financial planning or retirement management (Goldberg, 2002). Like other professionals, nurses should also plan their financial security and retirement just from the beginning of their career. They can take the services of financial consultants or retirement consultants for their planning. There are many options available for them. These options have both financial and social aspects and are necessary since they provide them physical or health protection in old age (Glasper, 2011). Financial aspects There are various options available for the nurses which can provide them financial security after retirement. a. Personal savings Ã¢â¬â They must save 10 to 20 percent of their monthly emoluments for their future b. Recurring Deposits Ã¢â¬â Recurring deposit of even a small amount becomes a huge sum after a long time, and it helps in old age. c. Pension Plans Ã¢â¬â Many fina ncial companies offer pension plans which can be availed by the nurses: depositing a small amount per month, they will get a corresponding return per month after they retire (Ho, 2006) d. 401 (k) - Nurses can avail retirement through employer 401 (k) programs e. Besides above mentioned plans, there are many others which can benefit them after retirement; such plans include Govt savings, such as RRSP, IRS, Roth IRA, simple IRA, etc. (Goldberg, 2002) Social aspects Nurses must not forget about the social aspects of their retirement plans. Since they have been committed to their profession, they might have not fulfilled their social commitments properly, and after retirements the society would have more expectations from them (Friis et al., 2007). a. Friends and family Ã¢â¬â Due to overwork and commitment to their nurses might not have given adequate time to their families and friends, and after retirement their expectations would be high - the nurses can meet them if they have plan ned their retirement properly (Friedrich et al., 2011) b. Community involvement through volunteering Ã¢â¬â They also need to plan their retirement adequately if they wish to be involved in community programs through volunteering (Dziadekwich, Andrushko & Klassen, 2012). c. Personal pursuits such as travel, continued education, etc. Ã¢â¬â Many nurses wish to continue their education after retirement, or go on a long vacation or tour, or prefer to visit places. These personal pursuits can only be achieved if their retirement is properly